Antigua and Barbuda - a country on the same named islands and Redonda island in the group of Lesser Antilles (Caribbean Sea).
Population - mostly black people. The most of believers are protestants.
A member of Commonwealth of Countries, Organization of American countries.
The head of the country is the monarch of UK, submitted as Governor-General.
In the ancient time the island was populated by Aravak Indians. In XIII century they were superseded by Carib tribes.
The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493 during his second expedition.
From 1632 - an ownership of UK. British made a plantation economy in Antigua and Barbuda (sugar cane, cotton, tobacco, coconuts), for that began to deliver black slaves from Africa. Slavery was canceled in 1834.
From 1958 to 1962 Antigua was in composition of West Indies Federation.
In February 1967 England gave to Antigua status of "UK-associated country".
From 1 November 1981 is an independent country Antigua and Barbuda (from Spanish - "ancient" and "barbate")
Has diplomatic relationships with Russia (set with USSR in 5.01.1990)
Political system of Antigua and Barbuda is determined as federal parliament monarchy. The head of the country is a British monarch, which appoints the Governor-General, which has the representation functions. Louise Lake-Tack, who was determined as a Governor-General in 2007, became the first woman-governor in history of Antigua and Barbuda. The Council of ministers of Antigua and Barbuda is claimed by governor-general by representation of prime-minister (since 13.06.2014 - Gaston Browne). The prime minister is the head of government, which has the representation power.
The territory of Antigua and Barbuda is divised onto 6 districts: Saint Peter and Saint Philip, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul and 2 dependent territories - Barbuda and Redonda.
|Saint John||Saint John's|
In Antigua are published two daily newspapers: Daily Observer and Antigua Sun. Except for most of American TV programmes, there is also a channel ABS TV 10 (the only channel that has only local programmes). There are also some local and regional radio stations.