Karachay-Balkar (Karachay, Balkar) language (Karachay-Balkar къарачай-малкъар тил, къарачай тил, таулу тил) is one of Turkic languages, Karachays' and Balkars' language. It's in North-West group of Turkic languages. It's common in Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, in Soviet Central Asia, Turkey, in countries of Middle East. In Russia number of speakers is 303 000 people.
Main dialects - literary - Karachay-Baksan-Chegem ("ч"-dialect) and Upper Balkar dialect ("ц"-dialect).
Literary Karachay-Balkar language was based on Karachay-Baksan-Chegem dialect. Writing system in 1920-1924 was based on Arabic writing, from 1924-1936 was based on Latin writing and since 1936 it's based on Cyrillic.
Karachay-Balkar language is one of national languages of Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria. In Karachay-Cherkessia it's called Karachay language (къарачай тил) and in Kabardino-Balkaria it's called Balkar language (малкъар тил). There are some grammatical differences in KBR a sound /dʒ/ is written with letter Ж ж and in KCR it's written as Дж дж.
On Karchay-Balkar language there are some newspapers, called "Заман", and "Къарачай", a magazine "Минги тау" and children magazines "Нюр" and "Илячин".
|А а||Б б||В в||Г г||Гъ гъ||Д д||Дж дж||Е е|
|Ё ё||Ж ж||З з||И и||Й й||К к||Къ къ||Л л|
|М м||Н н||Нг нг||О о||П п||Р р||С с||Т т|
|У у||Ф ф||Х х||Ц ц||Ч ч||Ш ш||Щ щ||Ъ ъ|
|Ы ы||ь||Э э||Ю ю||
|дж||[dʒ]||Voiced palato-alveolar affricate; its pair is ч. As a rule, дж is in the beginning or in the middle of the word: джыл (year), джыджым (rope), джеген (mat), гинджи (doll).|
|г||[g]||Voiced velar stop; unlike the analogous sound in other Turkic languages, it's used near front and back vowels: гаккы (egg), гудучу (thief), гитче (small), иги (good)|
|гъ||[ʁ]||Voiced uvular fricative; it's used only with back vowels: агъым (flow), богъурдакъ (throat); isn't used in the beginning of the word.|
|к||[k]||Voiceless velar stop; is used in aboriginal words with vowels of both rows: как (hominy), курка (lair), Кокай (a man's name); when the word is changed, к is turning into г: терек - тереги (tree - his tree), базук - базугу (forearm - his forearm).|
|къ||[q]||Voiceless uvular plosive; used in back vowels, when the word is changed, it turns into гъ: таякъ - таягъы (stick - his stick).|
|нг||[ŋ]||Velar nasal; is used with vowels of both rows: тонгуз (pig), тенгиз (sea), джангыз (single), джёнгер (fellow traveller); isn't used in the beginning of the word.|
|ў||[w]||Is used in the beginning and in the middle of the word, on writing is written as y.|
|ё||[ø]||It's read as in Russian alphabet|
|ю||[y]||Also read as in Russian alphabet|