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Karachay-Balkar (Karachay, Balkar) language (Karachay-Balkar къарачай-малкъар тил, къарачай тил, таулу тилis one of Turkic languages, Karachays' and Balkars' language. It's in North-West group of Turkic languages. It's common in Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, in Soviet Central Asia, Turkey, in countries of Middle East. In Russia number of speakers is 303 000 people.

Main dialects - literary - Karachay-Baksan-Chegem ("ч"-dialect) and Upper Balkar dialect ("ц"-dialect).

Literary Karachay-Balkar language was based on Karachay-Baksan-Chegem dialect. Writing system in 1920-1924 was based on Arabic writing, from 1924-1936 was based on Latin writing and since 1936 it's based on Cyrillic. 

Karachay-Balkar language is one of national languages of Karachay-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria. In Karachay-Cherkessia it's called Karachay language (къарачай тил) and in Kabardino-Balkaria it's called Balkar language (малкъар тил). There are some grammatical differences in KBR a sound /dʒ/ is written with letter Ж ж and in KCR it's written as Дж дж

On Karchay-Balkar language there are some newspapers, called "Заман", and "Къарачай", a magazine "Минги тау" and children magazines "Нюр" and "Илячин". 

AlphabetEdit

А а Б б В в Г г Гъ гъ Д д Дж дж Е е
Ё ё Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Къ къ Л л
М м Н н Нг нг О о П п Р р С с Т т
У у Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ Ъ ъ
Ы ы ь Э э Ю ю

Я я

Reading rulesEdit

Letter Phoneme Description
дж [dʒ] Voiced palato-alveolar affricate; its pair is ч. As a rule, дж is in the beginning or in the middle of the word: джыл (year), джыджым (rope), джеген (mat), гинджи (doll).
г [g] Voiced velar stop; unlike the analogous sound in other Turkic languages, it's used near front and back vowels: гаккы (egg), гудучу (thief), гитче (small), иги (good)
гъ [ʁ] Voiced uvular fricative; it's used only with back vowels: агъым (flow), богъурдакъ (throat); isn't used in the beginning of the word.
к [k] Voiceless velar stop; is used in aboriginal words with vowels of both rows: как (hominy), курка (lair), Кокай (a man's name); when the word is changed, к is turning into г: терек - тереги (tree - his tree), базук - базугу (forearm - his forearm).
къ [q] Voiceless uvular plosive; used in back vowels, when the word is changed, it turns into гъ: таякъ - таягъы (stick - his stick).
нг [ŋ] Velar nasal; is used with vowels of both rows: тонгуз (pig), тенгиз (sea), джангыз (single), джёнгер (fellow traveller); isn't used in the beginning of the word.
ў [w] Is used in the beginning and in the middle of the word, on writing is written as y.
ё [ø] It's read as in Russian alphabet
ю [y] Also read as in Russian alphabet

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