Mohammed Qasim Fahim (1957 - 9th March 2014) - Afghan military doer, former defense minister, successor of Ahmad Shah Massoud. Marshal (2001).
An ethnic Tajik, born in Parwan Province, Afghanistan. Ended grade school and high school, studied in theological faculty of Kabul University (did not end). Since 1997 he's in emigration in Pakistan, in 1978 he was back in Afghanistan and joined the opposition. In Afghan war fought in troops of Ahmad Shah Massoud . After rise of the opposition to power in 1992 was assigned as the head of KHAD in transition government of Sibghatullah Mojaddedi. Since 1994 he's a minister of security in the government of Burhanuddin Rabbani. After capturing of Kabul by Talibs he, together with Rabbani, left the city and was on the North of Afghanistan, an active fighter against Talibs. He survived several impingements.
After death of Ahmad Shah Massoud headed Northern Alliance and became its Minister of Defense. Actually leaded operations of Northern Alliance in 2001, which ended out with expire of Talibs from Kabul. 13th September 2001 Fahim was officially introduced to official people of Iran, Russia, India, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, which immediately met each other on a conference about situation in Afghanistan. Saved his post of Minister of Defense in government of Hamid Karzai. After re-election of Karzai, Fahim couldn't enter the new cabinet and left the post of Minister of Defense in December 2004.
In 2003 Fahim officially visited Russia and met his colleague Sergey Ivanov.
Since 2004 - adviser of president Hamid Karzai. Since 2009 - first vice-president of Afghanistan. Unofficially was considered as one of the leaders of ethnic Tajiks in Afghanistan.