Russia (from Greek - Ρωσία (rus')); officially Russian Federation, or Russia, on practice also used a reduction RF (РФ) - a country in East Europe, and Northern Asia. Population - 143 666 931 people (for 1 January 2014), territory - 17 125 187 km². Takes first place in the world for territory and 9th place for population.
Capital - Moscow. Country language - Russian.
It is a federative country with semi-presidential system. In May 2012 presidency was taken by Vladimir Putin, and Dmitry Medvedev was as a chairman of the government.
In Russia there are 85 subjects, 46 of which are named as regions, 22 as republics, 9 as "Krai"s and 1 as Autonomous Republic (since 2014).
Russia borders with 16 countries by land: Norwegia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Abkhazia, Georgia, South Osetia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea, and with 2 countries by sea: USA and Japan.
After decay of USSR, Russia was recognized by International Community as Succesor State of USSR and took its place in UN. Russia is in series of international organizations, like UN, OSCE, European Council, EEU, CIS, EEC, CSTO, SCO, APEC and others.